Translating Cuba’s Dissident Voices

Mary Jo Porter is an American who lives in Seattle.  When she wakes up each day, she works as a transportation consultant.  In the moments she is not working, she focuses her energies and talents on providing an enormous help for Cuban dissidents on the island, especially the independent bloggers, all the way from her laptop in Seattle.  Mary Jo, or “Maria” as her Cuban friends know her, is responsible for the English translation of Yoani Sanchez’s world renowned blog, “Generation Y”.  In addition to helping Yoani’s voice travel a little (or a lot) further, she also translates for Claudia Cadelo’s “Octavo Cerco”, Reinaldo Escobar’s “Desde Aqui”, and many others.

Together, with friends and volunteers, Maria has help set up Hemos Oido, a website which posts the blogs of members of the alternative Cuban blogosphere and allows anyone who wishes to volunteer to translate these bloggers into other languages- English, French and German among them.  Porter is an example of the importance and effectiveness stemming from solidarity with the Cuban cause, despite not being Cuban.  She is one of the many non-Cubans who have decided to spread word of Cuba’s reality throughout the world, not for money, not for political reasons, but instead straight from the kindness of her heart and her sympathy for the Cuban struggle for freedom.

Recently, Yoani’s entries were compiled into a book, “Havana Real”.  Below is the story of Mary Jo Porter- “Maria”- and how she became involved with Cuba, as well as her thoughts on this book, the independent Cuban blogosphere, and the island’s reality:

PDLI: You are Yoani Sanchez’s translator in English. As we all know, Yoani is Cuban.  You are an American from Seattle.  What inspired you, as a non-Cuban, to take on such a task?

Mary Jo Porter: “Inspired” is probably the wrong word, it was much more accidental than that. Briefly, the chain of events that led to my translating Yoani’s blog is this.

In late 2007, a Canadian friend, Chris DeMarco, invited me to go to Cuba to visit her daughter Jenny who was working in Havana for a Canadian non-profit.  I said “yes!” and turned to Google for information about the island (praying that Dick Cheney wasn’t getting an “alert” every time I typed “Cuba” into my browser).  I came across Yoani’s blog in English and was instantly captivated, as people are, by her writing, her point of view, her voice. When I got home from Cuba, naturally I was Cuba-obsessed – I think that country grabs the unwary – and Yoani’s blog became the main food for my new obsession.

Two months later the blog stopped being in English, but I struggled through the entries, relying on Google Translator, taking in as much as I could. Then Yoani put a short note on her blog saying she needed a new English translator. After a week or two when no English posts appeared, I said to myself, “someone’s gotta do it.” So, I’d had seven years of French, two years of Latin and five weeks of Spanish, “What’s a little Spanish?” I thought. I sent Yoani my pathetic first translations, and she sent me the password to the English site.

PDLI: So if you didn’t know Spanish, how could you translate the blog?

MJP: The short answer is I couldn’t. Which turned out to be a good thing in every way.  It led to everything that came after, including, and the help of literally hundreds of volunteers.

If I had known Spanish I probably would have just turned my hand to translating the blog and that would have been the end of the story: Yoani’s blog in English. And of course if Yoani had known English then, she would have laughed at my first efforts (and sent the password to someone else!), another end to the story.

PDLI: But how did you manage to translate?

MJP: I knew I couldn’t do it, but I thought I could find help to get it done, so I posted a notice: “This blog is the work of volunteer translators. Please help.” Note the plural “translators.” Within a day, it was true.

People emailed me from all over the world. They edited my feeble efforts, explained Cuban slang, corrected grammar, cleared up misconceptions, and we were off and running. Early on, there was a co-translator, Susanna Groves, who actually knew some Spanish; she worked closely with me until she had to set it aside to work on the 2008 elections.  I still rely enormously on other people’s help, even though I’ve been doing it for over three years now.

PDLI: Can you tell us a bit about and

MJP: In addition to Generation Y there were a number of other great bloggers on Yoani’s same domain,, and I wanted to translate them as well. As my Spanish improved, I added Reinaldo Escobar’s blog, “Desde Aqui,” and then others, and when people emailed offering to help, I would keep a mental note of those who “came and stayed” and kept asking them to do more and more. Some were people like Norma Whiting, who came from Cuba as a teenager and now translates Miriam Celaya’s blog, and Regina Anavy, an American who cut sugar cane in Cuba to help the Revolution but who now helps Cubans in other ways. There are way too many people to name them all, but those are examples two who “came and stayed.”

Meanwhile, Yoani and company started the Blogger Academy and we just couldn’t keep up. There were great blogs like Claudia Cadelo’s “Octavo Cerco,”  Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo’s “Post Revolution Mondays,” the blog of the Black Spring political prisoners written (or dictated) from prison, “Voices Behind the Bars,” “Crossing the Barbed Wire” by Luis Felipe Rojas, blogs from Laritza Diversent, Ivan Garcia, Regina Coyula, Angel Santiestaban, Rebeca Monzo, the list goes on and on.  And there were some of the earliest bloggers, like Dimas Castellanos and Miguel Iturria Savon, that I’d been wanting to translate for a long time.

I felt we needed to show that the exhaustion with the “revolutionary process,” with the lack of human rights, wasn’t just the weird dream of a few misguided people. And clearly we needed a way to more efficiently harvest the energies of all the people who had time to give, but not their whole lives. And we wanted the translations to reflect the differences of opinion among the bloggers, the plurality of voices. So, with the help of my friend (from the 4th grade) Karen Heffner Chun, we did a test run on Yoani’s blog that we called the “Cooperative Translation Experiment.” We couldn’t put the entries up fast enough, there were so many people wanting to help.

Karen then came up with the idea of having a separate site, and she coded and created it and that’s how came into being. People working in other languages wanted in, so now we have four languages and hope to add more. was created so people didn’t have to page through 30+ sites, but could, if they wanted, read all the blogs in one place.

PDLI: Your translated entries are published on Yoani’s most recent book, “Havana Real.”  In the prologue, you say you traveled to Cuba and felt the “weight of the totalitarian state.”  What do you mean by that?

MJP reading from Havana Real at the University of Washington Bookstore

MJP: I should say something about my “before and after” perceptions of Cuba.  In “real life” my work and background have nothing to do with Cuba – I’m a transportation consultant – and although I’m far from apolitical, Cuba wasn’t really on my daily radar. My earliest impressions of Cuba were not all bad, though I do remember being scared to death during the Cuban Missile Crisis, but I blamed that on the Russians, not Fidel. But coming of age during the Civil Rights struggles here at home and the Vietnam War, it was not hard to imagine that someone might have a better idea.

That said, I’m not stupid and 40 years later I had no illusions about a person who perpetuated himself in power for half a century. But if I thought of Fidel at all, it was as a self-aggrandizing psychopath, but an almost “well-meaning” psychopath, if you can merge those concepts in your mind. Che Guevara, interestingly, who remains a hero to so many people, I thought of as over the top nuts and self-obsessed. I felt that Fidel had at least stuck around and “done the work” while Che flitted about, a sort of jet-setting, celebrity “revolutionary.” I should mention, for those who haven’t been to Cuba, I’d been there less than 24-hours when I renamed the country The-All-Che-All-The-Time-Place; it was ridiculous.

But all it took for me to “see the light,” or in this case “the darkness,” was to arrive in Cuba and walk up the steps to our hotel. At the door were these big burly bouncers, turning away Cubans. And then of course Jenny quickly clued me in, as did Cubans I talked to. And as you know, only a small part of the horror is outrageous events, most of it is that endless grinding down and crushing of people whose entire lives are controlled by a dictator. A lifelong grinding down, where you go to your grave, still not free.

Despite what people think, Cubans didn’t really complain to me about material things, they complained about the lack of freedom. About the petty – but completely oppressive – control of the local enforcers. I only met three communists the whole time I was there. That was it. And one of the three was an American!

PDLI: Why do you think many Americans (and others) have a misconception of the Cuban reality? How does “Havana Real” shatter these perceptions? 

MJP: Let me start by saying, I like to think that if Yoani has accomplished one thing, she’s reduced by at least some small fraction the number of Che Guevara T-shirts in the world!

What Yoani does is make people see clearly. Rather than rant and rave about despots or political systems, she calmly relates the stories of everyday life.  What it’s like to live in a failed country under an all-powerful dictator. What it means for breakfast, lunch and dinner.  What it means for your child in school, your grandmother in the hospital, your family separated by an ocean. The same stories I heard on the streets and in the living rooms of Cuba, but that don’t get told very much in that straight forward and powerful way beyond the island.

For people like me, born and raised with human rights and democracy embedded in our bones, and believing, with Anne Frank, that “people are good at heart,” it’s just a lot to grasp that someone who says they want what we want… “liberty and justice for all”… can be truly malevolent. “Havana Real” takes our blinders off.

The Cuban regime has done an excellent job creating its own myths: vilifying Batista and the U.S. role in Cuba, and regaling us with their successes in health care and education. Of course they never mention that although everyone in Cuba can read, they’re not allowed to read anything but the All-Che-All-The-Time crap approved by the regime; everything else is censored.

The American communist I met in Cuba went on about statistics for child mortality (low) and life spans (long). But individual lives are not statistics, human emotions are not statistics, human rights are violated in the flesh, not on pages of statistics. Yoani and the other bloggers fill in the details about what happens to Cubans between the time they survive infancy and when they come to the end of those long lives. It’s truly “the banality of horror.”

I also think that Yoani understands, truly understands, what a free and democratic nation requires, even though she doesn’t live in one. She understands the need for tolerance of those you disagree with, for a plurality of voices. Honestly, in addition to opening my eyes about Cuba, she’s made me a much more tolerant person with regards to the political spectrum here at home. Thinking of people I strongly disagree with, I look at them now and I’m thankful that I live in a country where they and I can come together under one government, free to express ourselves, free to fight for our beliefs, in a framework of laws and rights that protect minority viewpoints.

PDLI: In your own words, please explain the Cuban blogosphere.  What would you say these bloggers represent to Cuba, and what do they represent to you? Would you say that this phenomenon has been successful?

MJP: Well talking about the independent Cuban blogosphere, I like to think they, and all the others who are resisting the regime in so many ways, represent the seeds of a free and democratic society.

For me, the most powerful message I’ve gotten from all the Cubans on the island who resist, is that Cubans living on the island are completely capable of recreating their own country. Rebuilding their own country. I have tremendous confidence in the future of Cuba – and fear sometimes, of course, because it won’t be easy – but mostly tremendous confidence.

Are the bloggers “successful”?  I guess I define success as the fact that they wake up every morning and keep going. I think that’s success. It’s a cliché, perhaps, but to me yes, they represent the success of the human spirit.

PDLI: You’ve been doing this for over three years.  Have you had about enough?  Or do you think you’ll keep on doing it?

MJP: What I have the hardest time convincing people of is that, honestly, I don’t do what I do for Cuba, or I do it for Cuba only in the vaguest possible sense. “Cuba” does not get me up in the morning.

What gets me up in the morning is friendship, my friendship, and even love, for individual bloggers. Even though I’ve never met a single one of them, even though I can’t have extended contact with most of them, primarily because they have hardly any Internet access, I feel extraordinarily close them, even those who barely “know” me, people with whom I might have exchanged only a few emails.

Through their words, they lay themselves open, let all of us into their lives. It’s impossible not to want to do some small thing to help them, one-on-one, as individuals.  They work so hard, take so many risks, pay such a high price, and at the same time gift the world with their incredible words and pictures, with their strength, courage, and sheer endurance.

I started doing this because Yoani is a young woman, a woman my daughter’s age, who needs help, the help of someone who speaks English. I can’t do anything tangible to make her life better. But I can do this intangible thing, I can help her voice resonate a little further. And I believe there’s great power in that.

I can be a part of letting all bloggers, all the resisters, know: someone is listening, someone is watching, someone knows what is happening to you.  Whether alone in front of their computers, or crammed into some cell, they have not been entirely abandoned.  The world IS watching.  And it is watching the people who threaten and hurt them.

The bloggers represent the ability of the individual to say “No”. The almost unimaginable guts of some individuals to stand up and say “No, not me, I refuse to participate.” We all like to think that in their place we would be them. But most of us know it’s pretty unlikely.

Most of all, of course, what I hope they represent is the nascent free society, the seeds of democracy, human rights and freedom for that island.

But for me, what they most represent is my friends.

Translating Cuba’s Dissident Voices

“Solidarity and the desire to be free are what unite us.”

Without a doubt, the blog “Octavo Cerco” is one of the most popular Cuban blogs. This is all thanks to the fact that with her direct, descriptive, and (one can say) sarcastic attitude, Claudia Cadelo informs her readers about how life really is in Cuba. She has said that she is not a political person, and anyone who gets the chance to speak to her or reads her blog could easily notice that with her sincere style, she effectively describes the absurdities that are associated with living under the castro government, just by describing her day to day life. Many times, her posts cause laughter or amusement but they never lose the focus of exposing the Cuban reality. At 27 years of age, she is one of the youngest voices within the Cuban blogosphere, inspiring many other youths to express themselves freely whether it be online or in person. She has also created quite a following among readers of all sorts of ages and nationalities, and has also been awarded various prizes for her exemplary work.

With all that said, she is an average everyday girl who lives in a humble neighborhood of Havana and is an enemy of censorship. Together with her husband, the guitarist Ciro Diaz, Claudia represents a generation of Cubans that are sick and tired of being repressed by state-sponsored silence and artistic, social, and political censorship. With her words, and overall with much dignity, Claudia adds to the cracks which grow deeper and wider each time on the large wall of absolute control that is the Cuban totalitarian government.

Although she has been victim of mob acts and violence, Claudia refuses to let fear silence her voice. On the contrary, these events have allowed her to grow as a person and have helped her re-enforce her own ideals. From the “octavo cerco”, here is her story:

Tell us a bit about yourself. How did you grow up?

I was born in Havana, in the year 1983. I was a happy child until the Special Period arrived and I had to start going to school with my mom’s shoes, something that really bothered me. Years passed until I could fully accept and understand that we had jumped into the hole of poverty and hunger.

What were the events that led you to publicly dissent from the Cuban government?

It was a gradual process: I discovered two-faced morals, intransigence, and hypocrisy from those who shielded themselves behind the masks of political positions in the FEEM and the UJC. I think that at the end of my adolescence I harbored many differences from the system, and although I wouldn’t consider that I ever said anything “politically incorrect”, it seems that in some way or another I did, without even knowing it. For some time, I dreamed of leaving the country. I even signed up in the lottery for a chance to get out, but this never got to me and with time I changed my mind. Patience is not one of my virtues and the whole notion of “waiting for my exit” really just bore me.

When did you decide to join the Cuban blogosphere? Were you afraid of publishing your first post? Have you always written?

I started writing my own blog after the liberation of Gorki. During the trial, there was lots of tension, we were really worn out. Then Ismael de Diego, from the other side of the room, started to crack jokes behind me and Elizardo Sanchez. He was acting as if he was the freest man in the entire universe. I realized that this whole situation was extremely stupid and incoherent, and that they would always make fun of our fears as long as we had any. The lawyer even forgot Gorki’s name and had to actually go through all of his paperwork in order to remember it. I got the urge to just start describing everything that I was witnessing around me, of sharing this total absurdity with someone. I had written some very intimate poems which I have never shown anyone, and at one point I kept a diary, but I never imagined that I would one day actually publish posts.

Yoani Sanchez explained to me what a blog was, and she published my first post on Generation Y and helped me with everything. After that I had been translating some entries from Generation Y into French until I opened my own space.

I wasn’t afraid when I published my first post, because all of the fear that my head was capable of experiencing without going mad I had already felt in all its paranoiac, terrifying, and irrational splendor during the four days of Gorki’s arrest. When I started Octavo Cerco I was already cured of the fright, like we say here.

Would you say that new technologies like blogs, twitters, and cell phones, etc. have been effective in combating official censorship?

Without a doubt. The arrival of the digital era has shattered – within the possible framework of a society where total control of technology is part of the official political agenda – the state monopoly over information (I know it may be a small crack, but I don’t care, something is better than nothing). People have known how to take advantage of this, and today, there exists a spontaneous network of all kinds of digital information traffic, which was something unthinkable during the nineties. However, the state continues exercising total control over massive media outlets, so we are condemned to stick with the “underground” and to only reach minorities throughout society. But the network is growing and people have the desire to know and they do know.

Do you think that if everyday Cubans had access to the internet they would join the blogging movement? Or would you say that they are not interested about the situation which their country is facing?

Foreseeing the behavior of citizens if they had massive access to the internet is nearly impossible without conducting polls and social studies. I don’t know if the majority would open blogs, would play games online, or would become obsessed with all the sale offers. Whatever the case may be, the outcome would be positive for everyone. What you refer to as the “blogging movement” is not exactly a movement. We don’t have a common platform; we don’t function as a political party. Solidarity and the desire to be free are what unite us. The situation of the country interests all of us, since we are all victims of it. Man has the capability of abstracting but not of living in a parallel reality.

You were involved, together with other bloggers, with the blog of Pablo Pacheco, “Voices Behind Bars”. Please explain a little about how you learned about Pacheco, his situation, and why you decided to help him.

Ivan Garcia called me to open a blog for Pablo. I loved the idea, and Yoani Sanchez set up the blog on Voces Cubanas (Cuban Voices) and a blogger friend in Canada made us the banner. Pablo would dictate his texts by phone to Yoani, Eugenio, and me. Ciro would fix any audio problems (such as extra noise) and we would all type it up. I think it is very inhumane that a person is condemned to 20 years of prison just for writing. It was the only way I could help him and for me it was an honor.

What are the reactions of other youths before you, knowing that you are a dissident?

My friends have not abandoned me. For me, it has been very important to feel that I am not alone, despite the fact that those in power try to isolate me. As for the rest of my life, it’s normal: I know people, we converse, and I go out.

Some intellectuals classify the Cuban governmental system as one which provides free medicine and education and respects the rights of Cuban citizens. What would you tell these people?

I invite them to come to Cuba with their kids to live in a normal house, to give up their nationalities, and solicit permanent residence here (to travel again they will need another exit permit). I’d also ask them to look for a legal job and live off of their salaries, to consume products from the ration-book, and enroll their children in Cuban schools. When six months have passed, then I’d sit down with them and talk.

In your blog, there is an entry titled “Urban Paranoia” in which you mention that you feel paranoiac when any stranger enters your house. What have been the events which have led you to this point? (For example, have they detained you? Cited? Kidnapped?)

I’ve been cited once and detained (by “undocumented civilians”) another time. I have been kept from participating in cultural events and have been right at the center of some mob acts, right there next to the victims. But before all of these things, in fact even before I launched my blog, I was already paranoid- it’s one of the main characteristics of the “new man”.

As a young person, how would you describe the methods of entertainment and escape among the young Cuban population? In other words, what do many young people do to distract themselves from their reality?

Evasion is a weapon used by the youth. Clubs and bars are far too expensive so the majority of young people wander the streets when night falls. Many hang out in the parks, like in G for example, or along the Malecon. There are no plans for the future, because the future is a large black hole, which is why many decide to leave the country.

How would you describe Cuban education? Is there a lot of political propaganda involved? Do students really believe this propaganda or are there lots of doubts and questions?

I think that, in general, Cuban education is deteriorated on all levels and I see very little political will to try to solve this problem. One of the techniques to exercise control, which was used in the former Soviet Union as well, is to impose dogma on students from a very early age. From the moment that kids start their mandatory schooling they are bombarded with political propaganda. They learn to write with phrases about Fidel, they read political texts, and learn to obey the ideology.

Small children don’t understand the world the way we do, and I would say that the questions without answers come later on in life. Ideology is in crisis, this has been a fact since more than a decade, and we only have the will left to continue maintaining ourselves.

Do you think that the physical reappearance of Fidel Castro really has an importance?

It’s important from the very moment that he once again occupies the television screens and newspapers. It’s difficult to have hope for any sort of change as long as that man continues invading our lives with all of his hallucinations. I’m not going to deny, though, that for me it’s very amusing to see him in his current state, but I perfectly understand that for the entire nation it has a very malignant effect.

Do you have any messages for the exiled Cubans? And for the readers of your blog and those who help you manage it?

I would like to thank all of them for reading me and giving me strength. I could count with my fingers how many times I’ve felt solidarity in my own country, yet I’ve lost count how many times I’ve experienced this through the virtual world.

“Solidarity and the desire to be free are what unite us.”